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IV.D.8.

Average Bond Length Differences by Model Chemistry

Calculated at B3LYP/cc-pVQZ

Species Name Bond type Bond Length (Å)
Experimental unc. Calculated Difference atom1 atom2
LiCl- lithium chloride anion rLiCl 2.180   2.129 -0.051 1 2
Na2 Sodium diatomic rNaNa 3.079   3.040 -0.039 1 2
CaH Calcium monohydride rHCa 2.003 ±0.000 1.979 -0.023 1 2
LiOH lithium hydroxide rOH 0.969   0.950 -0.019 1 3
C2H Ethynyl radical rC#C 1.217   1.198 -0.018 1 2
B2H6 Diborane rBH 1.200   1.184 -0.016 1 5
F2 Fluorine diatomic rFF 1.412   1.397 -0.015 1 2
CH2Cl chloromethyl radical rHC 1.090 ±0.010 1.075 -0.015 1 3
ClO Monochlorine monoxide rClO 1.596 ±0.001 1.584 -0.012 1 2
NS+ nitrogen sulfide cation rNS 1.440   1.428 -0.012 1 2
BeO beryllium oxide rBe=O 1.331   1.319 -0.012 1 2
O2+ diatomic oxygen cation rOO 1.116   1.105 -0.011 1 2
NaLi lithium sodium rLiNa 2.889   2.878 -0.011 1 2
CN Cyano radical rC#N 1.172   1.161 -0.011 1 2
MgO magnesium oxide rMgO 1.749   1.739 -0.010 1 2
CH2NH Methanimine rCH 1.103   1.093 -0.010 1 3
NO Nitric oxide rN=O 1.154 ±0.000 1.145 -0.009 1 2
CH2PH H2CPH rCH 1.090 ±0.015 1.081 -0.009 1 3
NaH sodium hydride rNaH 1.887 ±0.000 1.878 -0.009 1 2
CH3NH2 methyl amine rCN 1.471 ±0.003 1.462 -0.009 1 2
B2H6 Diborane rBH 1.320   1.311 -0.009 1 3
N3 azide radical rNN 1.181   1.173 -0.009 1 2
CP Carbon monophosphide rC#P 1.562   1.554 -0.009 1 2
BN boron nitride rB=N 1.325   1.316 -0.009 1 2
CH2 Methylene rCH 1.085   1.077 -0.008 1 2
PN Phosphorus mononitride rP#N 1.491   1.483 -0.008 1 2
CN- cyanide anion rC#N 1.177 ±0.004 1.169 -0.008 1 2
SiN Silicon nitride rSiN 1.575   1.567 -0.008 1 2
LiOH lithium hydroxide rLiO 1.582   1.574 -0.008 1 2
P2+ phosphorus dimer cation rPP 1.986   1.978 -0.008 1 2
CO+ carbon monoxide cation rC=O 1.115 ±0.000 1.108 -0.007 1 2
N2 Nitrogen diatomic rN#N 1.098   1.090 -0.007 1 2
C2H2 Acetylene rC#C 1.203   1.195 -0.007 1 2
CH2PH H2CPH rCH 1.090 ±0.015 1.083 -0.007 1 4
CH3NH2 methyl amine rNH 1.018 ±0.001 1.011 -0.007 2 6
LiO lithium oxide rLiO 1.688   1.683 -0.006 1 2
BF Boron monofluoride rBF 1.267 ±0.000 1.261 -0.006 1 2
LiH Lithium Hydride rLiH 1.595 ±0.000 1.589 -0.006 1 2
FO Oxygen monofluoride rFO 1.354   1.349 -0.006 1 2
HO2 Hydroperoxy radical rOO 1.331   1.326 -0.005 1 2
CO Carbon monoxide rC#O 1.128 ±0.000 1.124 -0.004 1 2
BO boron monoxide rB=O 1.205   1.200 -0.004 1 2
BeS beryllium sulfide rBe=S 1.742   1.738 -0.004 1 2
NS Mononitrogen monosulfide rNS 1.497 ±0.000 1.494 -0.003 1 2
O2 Oxygen diatomic rO=O 1.208   1.204 -0.003 1 2
BeH beryllium monohydride rBeH 1.343   1.339 -0.003 1 2
H2CS Thioformaldehyde rC=S 1.611   1.608 -0.003 1 2
SH+ sulfur monohydride cation rHS 1.374   1.371 -0.003 1 2
P2 Phosphorus diatomic rP#P 1.893   1.890 -0.003 1 2
BH3 boron trihydride rBH 1.190   1.187 -0.003 1 2
LiF lithium fluoride rLiF 1.564 ±0.000 1.561 -0.003 1 2
PH+ phosphorus monohydride cation rHP 1.435   1.433 -0.003 1 2
CH2CHCH2CH3 1-Butene rCC 1.536   1.534 -0.002 1 2
CF Fluoromethylidyne rCF 1.276   1.274 -0.002 1 2
CH3SeH Methane selenol rHSe 1.473 ±0.020 1.471 -0.002 1 3
C2H2 Acetylene rCH 1.063   1.062 -0.002 1 3
CS carbon monosulfide rC#S 1.535   1.534 -0.001 1 2
BH Boron monohydride rBH 1.232   1.231 -0.001 1 2
HF+ hydrogen fluoride cation rHF 1.014   1.013 -0.001 1 2
HSe Selenium monohydride rHSe 1.475 ±0.010 1.474 -0.001 1 2
AsH Arsenic monohydride rHAs 1.535 ±0.001 1.534 -0.001 1 2
SiH4 Silane rSiH 1.480 ±0.000 1.479 -0.000 1 2
SiH3Cl chlorosilane rSiH 1.475   1.475 -0.000 1 3
SO+ sulfur monoxide cation rO=S 1.424   1.424 0.000 1 2
H2 Hydrogen diatomic rHH 0.741   0.742 0.000 1 2
HD Deuterium hydride rDH 0.741   0.742 0.000 1 2
SiH3F monofluorosilane rSiH 1.476   1.476 0.000 1 3
P2H4 H2PPH2 rPH 1.417   1.417 0.000 1 3
LiCl lithium chloride rLiCl 2.021 ±0.000 2.021 0.000 1 2
D2 Deuterium diatomic rDD 0.742   0.742 0.000 1 2
NF nitrogen fluoride rNF 1.317   1.317 0.000 1 2
CH4 Methane rCH 1.087 ±0.001 1.088 0.001 1 2
CH3Br methyl bromide rCH 1.082 ±0.001 1.083 0.001 1 3
ArH+ Argon hydride cation rHAr 1.292 ±0.000 1.293 0.001 1 2
BS boron sulfide rBS 1.609   1.610 0.001 1 2
BeF Beryllium monofluoride rBeF 1.361   1.363 0.002 1 2
S2+ sulfur dimer cation rS=S 1.825 ±0.010 1.827 0.002 1 2
CH Methylidyne rCH 1.120   1.122 0.002 1 2
HOCl hypochlorous acid rOH 0.964   0.966 0.002 1 2
H2O Water rOH 0.958 ±0.000 0.960 0.002 1 2
OH- hydroxide anion rOH 0.964   0.967 0.003 1 2
P2H4 H2PPH2 rPH 1.414   1.417 0.003 1 4
BCl boron monochloride rBCl 1.719 ±0.000 1.722 0.003 1 2
C2 Carbon diatomic rC=C 1.243   1.246 0.003 1 2
NH Imidogen rNH 1.036   1.040 0.003 1 2
SiO Silicon monoxide rSiO 1.510 ±0.000 1.513 0.003 1 2
MgH+ magnesium monohydride cation rHMg 1.652   1.656 0.004 1 2
HO2 Hydroperoxy radical rOH 0.971   0.975 0.004 1 3
OH Hydroxyl radical rOH 0.970   0.974 0.004 1 2
DO Hydroxyl-d rDO 0.970   0.974 0.004 1 2
DF Hydrofluoric acid-d rDF 0.917 ±0.000 0.921 0.004 1 2
CH3NH2 methyl amine rCH 1.093 ±0.000 1.097 0.004 1 3
PO Phosphorus monoxide rP=O 1.476   1.480 0.004 1 2
HOBr Hypobromous acid rOH 0.961   0.965 0.004 1 2
HF Hydrogen fluoride rHF 0.917 ±0.000 0.921 0.005 1 2
PH phosphorus monohydride rPH 1.422   1.427 0.005 1 2
AlN Aluminum nitride rN#Al 1.786   1.792 0.005 1 2
PS phosphorus sulfide rP=S 1.900   1.905 0.005 1 2
BeCl beryllium chloride rBeCl 1.797   1.803 0.006 1 2
C2H3 vinyl rCH 1.085   1.091 0.006 2 4
SeO Selenium monoxide rSeO 1.639 ±0.001 1.646 0.006 1 2
BF3 Borane, trifluoro- rBF 1.307   1.313 0.006 1 2
LiBr Lithium Bromide rLiBr 2.170 ±0.000 2.177 0.006 1 2
SH Mercapto radical rSH 1.341   1.347 0.006 1 2
MgS magnesium sulfide rMgS 2.143   2.149 0.006 1 2
CH2CHCH2CH3 1-Butene rCC 1.493   1.500 0.007 2 3
DS Mercapto-d rSD 1.341   1.348 0.007 1 2
DCl Hydrochloric acid-d rDCl 1.275 ±0.000 1.282 0.007 1 2
HCl Hydrogen chloride rHCl 1.275 ±0.000 1.282 0.007 1 2
HOBr Hypobromous acid rBrO 1.834   1.841 0.007 2 3
SiH Silylidyne rSiH 1.520   1.528 0.008 1 2
NH+ imidogen cation rHN 1.070 ±0.001 1.078 0.008 1 2
BrO Bromine monoxide rOBr 1.718   1.726 0.009 1 2
HBr hydrogen bromide rHBr 1.414 ±0.000 1.424 0.009 1 2
H2Se Hydrogen selenide rHSe 1.460   1.470 0.010 1 2
PO- phosphorus monoxide anion rOP 1.540   1.550 0.010 1 2
SiS silicon monosulfide rSiS 1.929 ±0.000 1.939 0.010 1 2
HCl+ hydrogen chloride cation rHCl 1.315   1.325 0.011 1 2
SiH+ silicon monohydride cation rHSi 1.504   1.515 0.011 1 2
CCl carbon monochloride rCCl 1.649   1.660 0.011 1 2
MgH magnesium monohydride rMgH 1.730   1.741 0.011 1 2
SO Sulfur monoxide rS=O 1.481   1.492 0.011 1 2
AlO Aluminum monoxide rAlO 1.618   1.629 0.011 1 2
HBr+ hydrogen bromide cation rHBr 1.448   1.460 0.011 1 2
MgOH magnesium hydroxide rOH 0.940   0.952 0.012 1 3
AlH aluminum monohydride rAlH 1.648   1.660 0.012 1 2
BrF Bromine monofluoride rFBr 1.759 ±0.000 1.771 0.012 1 2
AsH3 Arsine rHAs 1.511 ±0.000 1.523 0.013 1 2
GeH germylidene rHGe 1.588   1.601 0.013 1 2
SiH3F monofluorosilane rSiF 1.595   1.608 0.013 1 2
SF Monosulfur monofluoride rSF 1.599   1.613 0.014 1 2
PF phosphorus monofluoride rPF 1.593   1.606 0.014 1 2
NCl nitrogen monochloride rNCl 1.611 ±0.000 1.624 0.014 1 2
HOCl hypochlorous acid rClO 1.691   1.705 0.014 1 3
SiF silicon monofluoride rSiF 1.604   1.620 0.015 1 2
NaCl Sodium Chloride rNaCl 2.361 ±0.000 2.376 0.015 1 2
ClF Chlorine monofluoride rFCl 1.628 ±0.000 1.644 0.016 1 2
NaF sodium fluoride rNaF 1.926 ±0.000 1.942 0.016 1 2
C3H5 Allyl radical rCH 1.069   1.085 0.016 1 2
MgF Magnesium monofluoride rMgF 1.750   1.766 0.016 1 2
C2H Ethynyl radical rCH 1.047   1.063 0.016 1 3
AlS Aluminum sulfide rAlS 2.029   2.046 0.017 1 2
PF+ phosphorus monofluoride cation rFP 1.500   1.518 0.017 1 2
AlH+ aluminum monohydride cation rHAl 1.602   1.620 0.018 1 2
S2 Sulfur diatomic rS=S 1.889   1.907 0.018 1 2
As4 Arsenic tetramer rAsAs 2.435   2.454 0.019 1 2
Li2 Lithium diatomic rLiLi 2.673   2.692 0.019 1 2
AlF Aluminum monofluoride rAlF 1.654 ±0.000 1.674 0.019 1 2
SiF2 Silicon difluoride rFSi 1.590 ±0.000 1.610 0.020 1 2
GeF Germanium monofluoride rF-Ge 1.745   1.765 0.020 1 2
NaBr Sodium Bromide rNaBr 2.502 ±0.000 2.522 0.020 1 2
Se2 Selenium diatomic rSe=Se 2.166 ±0.001 2.186 0.020 1 2
SiH3Cl chlorosilane rSiCl 2.051   2.071 0.020 1 2
B2 Boron diatomic rBB 1.590   1.611 0.021 1 2
GaF Gallium monofluoride rFGa 1.774 ±0.000 1.796 0.021 1 2
PCl phosphorus chloride rPCl 2.018   2.039 0.022 1 2
MgCl magnesium monochloride rMgCl 2.199   2.221 0.022 1 2
Si2 Silicon diatomic rSiSi 2.246   2.268 0.022 1 2
CH3Br methyl bromide rCBr 1.934 ±0.000 1.957 0.023 1 2
MgOH magnesium hydroxide rMgO 1.767   1.791 0.024 1 2
SCl sulfur monochloride rSCl 1.975   2.000 0.025 1 2
SiCl Clorosilylidyne rSiCl 2.061 ±0.000 2.087 0.026 1 2
Cl2 Chlorine diatomic rClCl 1.988   2.017 0.030 1 2
BrCl Bromine monochloride rClBr 2.136 ±0.000 2.166 0.030 1 2
Br2 Bromine diatomic rBrBr 2.281   2.313 0.032 1 2
AlCl Aluminum monochloride rAlCl 2.130 ±0.000 2.162 0.032 1 2
He2+ helium dimer cation rHeHe 1.081 ±0.001 1.145 0.065 1 2
167 molecules.