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IV.A.4. (XIV.F.)

Relative enthalpies of isomers - Comparison of 298.15K enthalpies (kJ mol-1)

Isomers of C4H8Cl2

index Species CAS number Name Relative experimental enthalpy (kJ mol-1) sketch
a C4H8Cl2 4028562 Butane, 2,3-dichloro-, (r*,s*)- 0.0 sketch of Butane, 2,3-dichloro-, (r*,s*)-
b C4H8Cl2 2211678 Butane, 2,3-dichloro-, (r*,r*)-(.+/-.)- 0.2 sketch of Butane, 2,3-dichloro-, (r*,r*)-(.+/-.)-
c C4H8Cl2 1190223 Butane, 1,3-dichloro- 7.4 sketch of Butane, 1,3-dichloro-
d C4H8Cl2 616217 Butane, 1,2-dichloro- 11.1 sketch of Butane, 1,2-dichloro-
e C4H8Cl2 110565 1,4-Dichlorobutane 18.9 sketch of 1,4-Dichlorobutane
The calculated enthalpies include the calculated and scaled vibrational zero-point energy.
Methods with predefined basis sets
semi-empirical AM1 0.0 a
-0.3 b
-14.3 c
-10.4 d
-23.9 e
PM3 0.0 a
2.7 b
4.8 c
8.7 d
13.2 e
PM6 0.0 a
2.9 b
15.6 c
22.5 d
37.3 e
MNDOd 0.0 a
-0.1 b
-12.4 c
-6.3 d
-20.0 e
composite G1 0.0 a
1.4 b
16.1 c
16.5 d
36.5 e
G2MP2 0.0 a
1.3 b
16.5 c
17.0 d
37.2 e
G2 0.0 a
1.1 b
16.4 c
16.9 d
37.0 e
G3 0.0 a
1.1 b
16.2 c
16.4 d
36.7 e
G3B3 0.0 a
-0.4 b
12.0 c
12.7 d
28.7 e
G3MP2 0.0 a
1.4 b
16.0 c
16.2 d
36.2 e
G4 0.0 a
-0.2 b
11.4 c
12.5 d
27.4 e
Group additivity gaw
-209.0 b
-190.0 c
-172.0 e
molecular mechanics MM3 0.0 a
1.5 b
-10.8 c
-3.2 d
-15.0 e

Methods with standard basis sets
STO-3G 3-21G 3-21G* 6-31G 6-31G* 6-31G** 6-31+G** 6-311G* 6-311G** 6-31G(2df,p) 6-311+G(3df,2p) cc-pVDZ cc-pVTZ aug-cc-pVDZ aug-cc-pVTZ
hartree fock HF 0.0 a
0.9 b
1.3 c
6.4 d
7.0 e
0.0 a
-0.2 b
8.2 c
12.9 d
22.6 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
3.4 c
7.8 d
13.4 e
0.0 a
-1.2 b
2.7 c
9.8 d
13.7 e
  0.0 a
-1.3 b
-1.0 c
4.6 d
5.6 e
  0.0 a
-1.6 b
-1.6 c
4.2 d
4.9 e
0.0 a
-1.7 b
-1.1 c
4.5 d
6.0 e
0.0 a
-1.0 b
-0.9 c
4.1 d
5.5 e
0.0 a
-1.0 b
-0.3 c
4.8 d
6.8 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
0.6 c
5.4 d
9.0 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
-1.2 c
3.9 d
5.1 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
-0.3 c
5.2 d
7.0 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
-1.6 c
3.9 d
4.5 e
density functional LSDA 0.0 a
0.4 b
10.2 c
11.5 d
23.0 e
0.0 a
-1.1 b
23.6 c
21.4 d
51.1 e
0.0 a
-1.3 b
17.7 c
16.2 d
39.8 e
0.0 a
-1.0 b
16.2 c
17.5 d
37.7 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
12.4 c
12.7 d
29.4 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
12.7 c
12.9 d
30.2 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
12.5 c
13.2 d
30.2 e
0.0 a
-1.6 b
12.6 c
13.3 d
30.5 e
0.0 a
-1.6 b
13.4 c
13.9 d
32.2 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
13.7 c
12.9 d
31.5 e
  0.0 a
-0.3 b
13.9 c
13.1 d
32.7 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
13.1 c
12.6 d
30.6 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
13.1 c
13.0 d
30.8 e
 
BLYP 0.0 a
1.0 b
6.3 c
8.0 d
13.9 e
0.0 a
0.6 b
13.1 c
13.4 d
28.3 e
  0.0 a
-0.4 b
8.1 c
10.9 d
20.6 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
3.6 c
6.5 d
12.4 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
3.7 c
6.6 d
12.8 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
3.1 c
6.6 d
12.1 e
  0.0 a
-1.1 b
3.3 c
6.7 d
12.7 e
0.0 a
-0.2 b
4.4 c
6.6 d
13.8 e
  0.0 a
-0.1 b
4.7 c
6.7 d
15.0 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
3.4 c
5.8 d
12.0 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
3.1 c
6.1 d
11.9 e
 
B1B95 0.0 a
1.2 b
5.1 c
8.0 d
12.9 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
16.9 c
17.1 d
36.8 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
11.5 c
12.3 d
26.8 e
0.0 a
-1.8 b
8.9 c
12.5 d
23.6 e
0.0 a
-1.4 b
5.2 c
7.8 d
15.6 e
0.0 a
-1.5 b
5.5 c
8.0 d
16.4 e
0.0 a
-1.6 b
5.2 c
8.1 d
16.2 e
0.0 a
-2.1 b
5.1 c
8.1 d
16.1 e
0.0 a
-2.1 b
5.6 c
8.4 d
17.3 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
5.9 c
7.6 d
16.4 e
  0.0 a
-1.4 b
6.4 c
8.1 d
18.6 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
5.7 c
7.6 d
16.2 e
0.0 a
-1.6 b
5.9 c
8.1 d
17.1 e
 
B3LYP 0.0 a
1.0 b
5.4 c
8.0 d
13.1 e
0.0 a
0.3 b
12.8 c
14.2 d
29.0 e
0.0 a
-0.1 b
7.3 c
9.7 d
19.5 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
7.1 c
11.2 d
20.0 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
3.0 c
6.6 d
11.9 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
3.3 c
6.7 d
12.5 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
2.8 c
6.8 d
12.1 e
0.0 a
-1.2 b
2.7 c
6.5 d
11.7 e
0.0 a
-1.2 b
3.2 c
6.9 d
12.9 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
3.8 c
6.6 d
13.2 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
3.8 c
6.8 d
13.3 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
4.4 c
7.0 d
14.9 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
3.1 c
6.0 d
12.0 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
3.1 c
6.5 d
12.3 e
 
B3LYPultrafine         0.0 a
-0.5 b
3.0 c
6.6 d
12.0 e
                   
B3PW91 0.0 a
0.9 b
4.0 c
7.4 d
10.9 e
0.0 a
0.0 b
13.8 c
15.3 d
31.4 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
8.4 c
10.6 d
21.5 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
7.3 c
11.5 d
20.4 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
3.3 c
6.7 d
12.2 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
3.6 c
7.0 d
13.1 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
3.4 c
7.0 d
13.0 e
0.0 a
-1.4 b
3.3 c
6.9 d
12.7 e
0.0 a
-1.4 b
3.9 c
7.3 d
14.1 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
3.9 c
6.6 d
13.0 e
  0.0 a
-0.4 b
4.8 c
7.3 d
15.4 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
3.4 c
6.1 d
12.3 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
3.9 c
7.0 d
13.4 e
 
mPW1PW91 0.0 a
0.8 b
4.5 c
7.8 d
12.1 e
0.0 a
-0.2 b
14.8 c
16.1 d
33.4 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
9.2 c
11.1 d
23.2 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
7.8 c
12.0 d
21.5 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
4.0 c
7.3 d
13.6 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
4.4 c
7.5 d
14.5 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
4.1 c
7.6 d
14.3 e
0.0 a
-1.4 b
3.9 c
13.9 e
0.0 a
-1.5 b
253.2 c
7.8 d
15.2 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
4.5 c
7.0 d
14.1 e
  0.0 a
-0.4 b
5.6 c
7.9 d
17.0 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
4.0 c
6.6 d
13.5 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
4.6 c
7.6 d
14.9 e
 
PBEPBE 0.0 a
0.7 b
6.5 c
8.4 d
15.1 e
0.0 a
0.1 b
16.3 c
16.1 d
35.4 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
10.7 c
11.5 d
25.4 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
9.8 c
12.5 d
24.5 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
5.5 c
7.8 d
16.2 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
5.8 c
8.0 d
16.9 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
5.5 c
8.2 d
16.7 e
0.0 a
-1.3 b
5.3 c
8.0 d
16.3 e
0.0 a
-1.4 b
5.9 c
8.4 d
17.6 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
6.2 c
7.7 d
17.2 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
6.5 c
8.2 d
18.1 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
6.9 c
8.3 d
19.2 e
0.0 a
-0.3 b
5.7 c
7.4 d
16.5 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
5.8 c
7.9 d
16.9 e
 
PBEPBEultrafine         0.0 a
-0.6 b
5.5 c
7.9 d
16.2 e
                   
Moller Plesset perturbation MP2 0.0 a
0.8 b
3.7 c
7.7 d
10.8 e
0.0 a
-0.4 b
13.4 c
15.5 d
30.1 e
0.0 a
-0.1 b
12.2 c
13.9 d
28.8 e
0.0 a
-1.0 b
9.3 c
13.4 d
23.8 e
  0.0 a
-1.1 b
9.4 c
11.5 d
23.5 e
  0.0 a
-2.5 b
10.5 c
12.6 d
26.4 e
0.0 a
-2.5 b
10.3 c
11.9 d
25.6 e
0.0 a
-0.5 b
12.0 c
12.7 d
28.2 e
  0.0 a
-0.9 b
10.7 c
11.7 d
26.1 e
     
MP2=FULL         0.0 a
-0.8 b
9.9 c
12.2 d
24.8 e
    0.0 a
-2.5 b
11.0 c
12.9 d
27.3 e
0.0 a
-2.5 b
10.7 c
12.1 d
26.5 e
           
MP3         0.0 a
-0.9 b
5.9 c
9.2 d
17.5 e
                   
Quadratic configuration interaction QCISD  
NC
NC
                         

Methods with effective core potentials (select basis sets)
CEP-31G CEP-31G* CEP-121G CEP-121G* LANL2DZ SDD
hartree fock HF 0.0 a
-1.4 b
-0.7 c
6.6 d
7.2 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
-1.4 c
3.8 d
4.6 e
0.0 a
-1.4 b
0.7 c
7.8 d
9.9 e
0.0 a
-1.1 b
-1.0 c
4.4 d
5.6 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
1.4 c
8.5 d
11.6 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
2.2 c
8.5 d
12.6 e
density functional B1B95 0.0 a
-2.6 b
5.2 c
9.1 d
16.0 e
0.0 a
-1.7 b
4.0 c
6.6 d
12.9 e
       
B3LYP 0.0 a
-1.5 b
4.5 c
8.6 d
14.6 e
0.0 a
-0.8 b
3.1 c
6.0 d
11.5 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
5.9 c
9.6 d
17.4 e
0.0 a
-0.6 b
3.9 c
6.6 d
13.4 e
0.0 a
-1.0 b
6.1 c
10.2 d
18.4 e
0.0 a
-0.9 b
6.9 c
10.3 d
19.1 e
Moller Plesset perturbation MP2 0.0 a
-2.4 b
6.5 c
10.8 d
18.7 e
0.0 a
-0.7 b
9.4 c
11.8 d
23.1 e
0.0 a
-2.5 b
10.3 c
13.0 d
26.1 e
0.0 a
-1.5 b
11.8 c
13.5 d
29.2 e
0.0 a
-1.8 b
9.1 c
12.8 d
23.7 e
0.0 a
-1.6 b
11.1 c
13.4 d
27.1 e

Single point energy calculations (select basis sets)
6-311+G(3df,2p) cc-pVDZ cc-pVTZ aug-cc-pVDZ
Moller Plesset perturbation MP2FC// HF/6-31G*   0.0 a
8.3 b
9.7 c
14.1 d
30.1 e
0.0 a
9.6 b
12.4 c
15.7 d
24.7 e
 
MP2FC// B3LYP/6-31G*   0.0 a
-1.1 b
10.3 c
11.3 d
25.3 e
   
MP2FC// MP2FC/6-31G*
NC
    0.0 a
-0.4 b
-297.5 c
14.6 d
31.4 e
MP4// MP2/6-31G*
NC
     
Coupled Cluster CCSD// HF/6-31G*    
NC
 
CCSD(T)// HF/6-31G*    
NC
 
CCSD// MP2FC/6-31G*
NC
     
CCSD(T)// MP2FC/6-31G*
NC
     
NC = not calculated
For descriptions of the methods (AM1, HF, MP2, ...) and basis sets (3-21G, 3-21G*, 6-31G, ...) see the glossary in section I.C. Predefined means the basis set used is determined by the method.
gaw refers to the group additivity method implemeted in the NIST Chemistry Webbook.

See section III.C.1 List or set vibrational scaling factors to change the scale factors used here.
See section III.C.2 Calculate a vibrational scaling factor for a given set of molecules to determine the least squares best scaling factor.