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# Comparison of Koopmans' theorem (HOMO energy approximates ionzation energy)

#### Select species by entering formula

The following pages display the differences between the experimental ionzation energy and the energy of the HOMO (highest occupied molecular orbital) for a given molecule. Koopmans' theorem states that the HOMO energy approximates the vertical ionization energy.

#### Rules for chemical formula

• Enter a sequence of element symbols followed by numbers to specify the amounts of desired elements (e.g., C6H6).
• Elements may be in any order.
• If only one of a given atom is desired, you may omit the number after the element symbol.
• Parentheses may be used to group atoms.
• Multiple specifications for an atom will be added. This means that CH3(CH2)4CH3 will be treated the same as C6H14.
• A comma delimited list of several species may be entered.
• Ions are indicated by placing + or - at the end of the formula (CH3+, BF4-, CO3--)

#### Species in the CCCBDB

• Mostly atoms with atomic number less than than 36 (Krypton), except for most of the transition metals. See section I.B.1 for a periodic table view.
• Six or fewer heavy atoms and twenty or fewer total atoms. Exception: Versions 8 and higher have a few substituted benzenes with more than six heavy atoms. Versions 12 and higher have bromine-containing molecules.